There are different types of scent leaves, even though people are ignorant of that fact.
Scent leaves are all known as Basil, great basil or Saint-Joseph’s-wort. A culinary herb of the family
Basil is native to tropical regions from central Africa to Southeast Asia . It is a tender plant, and is used in
cuisines worldwide. Depending on the species and cultivar, the leaves may taste somewhat like anise , with a strong, pungent, often sweet smell.
Even though there are different types of scent leaves, the type used commonly as a flavor is typically called sweet basil (or
Genovese basil), as opposed to Thai basil ( O. basilicum var. thyrsiflora ),
lemon basil ( O. × citriodorum), and
holy basil (Ocimum tenuiflorum).
So what are the different types of scent leaves?
Types of Scent Leaves
All true basils are species of the genus Ocimum. The genus is particularly diverse, and includes annuals , non-woody
perennials and shrubs native to Africa and other tropical and subtropical regions of the Old and New World .
Ocimum basilicum cultivars
- Sweet basil O. basilicum
- Lettuce leaf basil O. basilicum ‘Lettuce Leaf’
- Mammoth basil O. basilicum ‘Mammoth’
- Genovese basil O. basilicum ‘Genovese Gigante’
- Nufar basil O. basilicum ‘Nufar F1’
- Spicy globe basil O. basilicum ‘Spicy Globe’
- Greek Yevani basil O. basilicum ‘Greek Yevani’
- Fino verde basil O. basilicum piccolo
- Boxwood basil O. basilicum ‘Boxwood’
- Purple ruffles basil O. basilicum ‘Purple Ruffles’
- Magical Michael O. basilicum ‘Magical Michael’
- Dark opal basil O. basilicum ‘Purpurascens’
- Red rubin basil O. basilicum ‘Red Rubin’
- Osmin purple basil O. basilicum ‘Osmin Purple’
- Cuban basil O. basilicum
- Thai basil O. basilicum var. thyrsiflorum
- ‘Siam Queen’ O. basilicum var. thyrsiflorum ‘Siam Queen’
- Cinnamon basil O. basilicum ‘Cinnamon’
- Licorice basil O. basilicum ‘Licorice’
- Mrs. Burns lemon basil O. basilicum var.
citriodora ‘Mrs. Burns’
Ocimum americanum (formerly known as
O. canum ) cultivars
- Lemon basil O. americanum
- Lime basil O. americanum
Ocimum ×citriodorum cultivars
- Greek column basil O. ×citriodorum ‘Lesbos’
- Thai lemon basil O. ×citriodorum
- Simon, J.E., J. Quinn, and R.G. Murray (1990). “Basil: A source of essential oils” . In J. Janick; J.E. Simon. Advances in new crops . Timber Press, Portland, OR. pp. 484–489.
- Paton, Alan, R.M. Harley and M.M. Harley (1999). “Ocimum: an overview of classification and relationships” . In Edited by Raimo Hiltunen; Yvonne Holm. Basil: the genus Ocimum . Australia: Harwood Academic Publishers.
- Madalene Hill & Gwen Barclay (2003). “Basil for the Gardener’s Kitchen: Herb of the Year, 2003”.The Herbarist . 69 : 43.
Helen H. Darrah (1980). The cultivated basils. T. E. Thomas, Buckeye Printing Co. ASIN B0006E2MDS.