7 Interesting Facts About Human Bones

7 Interesting Facts About Human Bones

Your body has 206 bones, and these bones join together at joints to make up your skeleton. They help to give your body a good structure, support your body in weight bearing, helps you walk or run around, and protects your internal organs from damage.

These are just a few benefits we derive from having these strong and hard masses in our bodies. Now, in this article, we’ll be looking at 7 interesting facts you probably didn’t know about the bones in your body. You should have learned a few new things by the end of this post that will help you understand your body better.

1. Bones contain 10-20% water

Despite how hard and strong they look, they actually contain a significant amount of water. Our long bones typically have two distinct parts:

  • The outer hard section
  • The inner spongy section

The outer hard section is also known as compact bone, it is usually dense while the inner spongy section (also known as cancellous bone) looks like a honeycomb and is much less dense.

The composition of the human bone is as follows:

  • Bone mineral- 60-70%
  • Water- 10-20%

The remaining part is made up of proteins and cells.

2. More than 50% of your bones are found in your hands and feet

Out of the 206 bones in your body, about 106 of them are found in your hands and feet. Each hand contains 27 bones, while each foot contains 26 bones. This may be a little surprising because of how small these parts seem to be when compared to the rest of our bodies.

Our hands need that many bones to help us carry out so many functions. The hands are extremely versatile and with the aid of these many bones, can carry out complex tasks like buttoning a shirt, using hand tools, grabbing things, writing and typing.

Our feet help to transfer our body weight to the ground. So, they play a very important role in maintaining our balance when we stand, walk, run or jump. The many bones it contains helps it carry out these functions easily.

3. Babies have more bones than adults

Babies are extra special, their unique body configuration is perfectly suited for their rapid growth in weight and length. Newborns are born with 300 bones, while adults have 206.

The reason for this is simple, some of our bones fuse together, hence, ‘decreasing’ the number of bones we have in our bodies. A common place this happens is the skull.

When a baby is born, the skull bones aren’t exactly fused together to accommodate the rapidly growing brain. With time, these bones join together at joints we call sutures. The obvious gaps found around the front and back of the heads of newborns are called fontanelles.

4. Most of your blood cells are made in your long bones

When you think of a bone, the last thing you probably think about is that there is manufacturing going on in it. But the truth is that many of the cells that swim in your blood are made in bones. The bone marrow serves as the site for the manufacture of red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets.

This is why people who have chronic diseases that affect blood cells like sickle cell anemia and leukemia could benefit from bone marrow transplants.

5. The largest and smallest bones in your body are your femur and stapes.

You will likely be familiar with the name ‘femur’. It is your thigh bone, very large, strong, and hard. It helps to transmit the weight of your body to your knees. It is so hard that it is estimated to be harder than concrete. However, severe forces like those released during falls from heights or road traffic accidents can cause it to fracture or even dislocate the joint it forms with leg bones. Fractures and dislocations can cause severe pain in bones and joints.

The smallest bone in your body is a tiny bone called stapes. This bone is found in your middle ear. It is part of a set of three bones in each ear collectively called ossicles. They help in the transmission of sound vibrations to the inner ear for you to be able to hear sounds.

6. They do not form scars when healing

When a bone is broken, it starts the process of uniting. Unlike other tissues like skin that heal by forming scars, bones do not go through this process. Rather, depending on the bone involved, the broken ends grow directly towards each other and merge or join by forming a soft tissue healing bridge called a ‘callus’.

One important factor that is needed for good bone healing is immobilization. This is why bones are often operated on or casts are applied to ensure that the broken ends can heal in a fairly stable environment. People who are recovering from bone surgery are also advised to use equipment like crutches, stair lifts, walkers, and scooters to avoid disturbing the healing process.

7. You have a ‘floating bone’

As we have earlier mentioned, bones are connected to each other at joints which could contain ligaments, tendons, and a lubricating synovial fluid. But is there any bone that completely stands alone, without being joined to any other one?

Well, yes there is. Your hyoid bone which is found in the front of your neck near your thyroid gland and voice box is not connected to any other bone, rather it serves as an attachment point for several muscles that are associated with the floor of your mouth, voice box, and upper throat.

Guest post by Dr. Charles-Davies OA of 25 Doctors, a web-platform for doctor consultations.

Aloe vera For Constipation Remedy

On this post we shall be talking about aloe vera for constipation, which i believe might come in handy in those hours when regular remedies are out of reach.

The Problem With constipation is that it will always be an uninvited guest.

It is not a celebrated event, the kind that is anticipated and thus, prepared for with the different necesary requirements.

When it comes it comes and the discomfort is often the frontage of its presence.

But seriously, constipation can be contained by different natural methods.

My favorite is castor Oil.

10 Natural Stool Softeners To Help You Combat Constipation

If you like to know more about the different natural remedies for constipation then check the link above.

Aloe vera juice is a food product extracted from the leaves of aloe vera plants. It’s sometimes also called aloe vera water.

So what about Aloe vera for constipation? How are the both of them related?

Aloe vera for constipation

According toDr. Axe

The use of aloe latex as a laxative is well-researched; the anthraquinones present in the latex create a potent laxative that increases intestinal water content, stimulates mucus secretion and increases intestinal peristalsis, which are contractions that break down food and mix the chyme.

In a double-blind, randomized, controlled trial of 28 healthy adults,
aloe vera latex was reported to have a laxative effectcompared to a placebo that was stronger than the stimulant laxative phenolphthalein — making aloe vera a natural constipation relief remedy .

When it comes to Aloe vera for constipation, what is recommended is that the juice is extracted and added to any Drinking medium of your choice.

But you can follow the below options.

  • Purchase store-bought aloe juice and take 1–2 tbsp. per day.
  • Add 1–2 tbsp. per day to your favorite smoothie .
  • Add 1–2 tbsp. per day to your favorite juice blend.
  • Add 1–2 tbsp. per day to your favorite beverage.

Is Okra Good For Diabetes?

No matter the perspective from which you Look at it, the question “is Okra Good For Diabetes” remains a valid one even though it is not as popular as bitter leaf when it comes to diabetes.

Okra , also known as “lady’s fingers” and “gumbo,” is a green flowering plant. Okra belongs to the same plant family as hibiscus and cotton. The term “okra” most commonly refers to the edible seedpods of the plant.

Just like bitter leaf, okra can help people with the disease, not as a cure but as a management tool.

Not everyone is aware of its usefulness. And not everyone can stand the slimy fluid that carries the benefits.

Evidence of okra having anti-diabetic properties has increased in recent years, with multiple Vitro (laboratory) and Vivo (animal) studies confirming okra as a potent blood glucose-lowering (or anti-diabetic) food.

Is Okra Good For Diabetes,

African Sleeping Sickness

Anwering the question “is Okra Good For Diabetes” this is what healthline had to say:

Medical research on okra for diabetes management is still in early stages. We do know that according to one study, okra water improved the blood sugar levels of pregnant rats that had gestational diabetes. Roasted okra seeds, which have long been used in Turkey to treat diabetes, have also been studied and proven to have a positive effect on lowering blood sugar .

According to Diabetes dot co dot UK :

In one study, published 2011 in the Journal of Pharmacy & BioAllied Sciences, researchers in India found that diabetic mice fed dried and ground okra peels and seeds just experienced a reduction in their blood glucose levels, while others showed a gradual decrease in
blood glucose following regular feeding of okra extract for about ten days.

From the above it is evident that what okra does, is help lower blood sugar levels.

So when next you are confronted with the question “is Okra Good For Diabetes?”

Tell them “yes”

Or better still share this post with them.

10 Negative Side Effects of Alcohol

As Nigerians we dont often think about the negative side effects of Alcohol.

Most of us even drink it like Water. Meaning we drink liqour in liters. Ask my brothers and sisters from the Niger Delta region in Nigeria and you will quickly move from amazed to shocked.

I was on my way to the Atm machine when i came across my inlaw and that was how i ended up drinking two glassful of local gin.

But even as i drank through the moment i pondered on the Various negative side effects of Alcohol.

With that in mind i decided to write a post on the matter.

The Various Bitter Leaf Uses

I hope it educates you enough to make the right decisions in those hours when the lid is broken and alcohol is made the order of the day.

Negative side effects of Alcohol,

So what are the negative side effects of Alcohol?

  1. Digestive System: Drinking can damage the tissues in your digestive tract and prevent your intestines from digesting food and absorbing nutrients and vitamins. As a result, malnutrition may occur.
  2. Circulatory System: Alcohol can affect your heart and lungs. People who are chronic drinkers of alcohol have a higher risk of heart-related issues than people who do not drink. Women who drink are more likely to develop heart disease than men who drink.
  3. Sexual And Reproductive Health: Men who drink too much are more likely to experience erectile dysfunction. Heavy drinking can also prevent sex hormone production and lower your libido. And also, women who drink too much may stop menstruating.
  4. Skeletal and muscle systems: Long-term alcohol use may prevent your body from keeping your bones strong. This habit may cause thinner bones and increase your risk for fractures if you fall. And factures may heal more slowly.
  5. Immune System : Drinking heavily reduces your body’s natural immune system . This makes it more difficult for your body to fight off invading germs and viruses.
  6. Digestive and endocrine glands: Drinking too much alcohol can cause abnormal activation of digestive enzymes produced by the pancreas . Buildup of these enzymes can lead to inflammation known as pancreatitis. Pancreatitis can become a long-term condition and cause serious complications . Can Bitter Leaf Cute Diabetes
  7. Inflammatory damage: The liver is an organ which helps break down and remove harmful substances from your body, including alcohol. Long-term alcohol use interferes with this process. It also increases your risk for chronic liver inflammation and liver disease.
  8. Sugar Levels: The pancreas helps regulate your body’s insulin use and response to glucose. When your pancreas and liver aren’t functioning properly, you run the risk of experiencing low blood sugar, or hypoglycemia . A damaged pancreas may also prevent the body from producing enough insulin to utilize sugar. This can lead to hyperglycemia , or too much sugar in the blood.
  9. Central nervous system: Alcohol can reduce communication between your brain and your body. This makes coordination more difficult. Drinking also makes it difficult for your brain to create long-term memories. It also reduces your ability to think clearly and make rational choices. Over time, frontal lobe damage can occur.
  10. Too Much Alcohol Dependency: Some people who drink heavily may develop a physical and emotional dependency on alcohol. Alcohol withdrawal can be difficult and life-threatening. You often need professional help to break an alcohol addiction. As a result, many people seek medical detoxification to get sober.

..

I intend sharing this post on the negative side effects of Alcohol with my inlaw and i hope you do the same.

Reference

https://www.healthline.com/health/alcohol/effects-on-body.

What is Ugu Leaf Called in English

So what is Ugu Leaf Called in English? Ugu Leaf is that vegetable that cuts across the different tribes in Nigeria.

And it is a Funny fact that most of us dont know what our favorite leaf is called in English.

Ugu is called pumpkin leaf.

But we shall be going a little bit further with this one.

Common names for the plant include
fluted gourd , fluted pumpkin , ugu (in the Igbo language ), and ikong-ubong (in the Efik/Ibibio language ). T. occidentalis is a member of the
Cucurbitaceae family and is indigenous to southern Nigeria .

The plant is a drought-tolerant , dioecious perennial that is usually grown trellised .

Coconut Oil Nutritional Value

When i first case across that question “what is Ugu Leaf Called in English?” i was conveyed, thus this post.

What is Ugu Leaf Called in English?,

Ugu Facts

  • The plant is a drought-tolerant , dioecious perennial that is usually grown trellised.
  • The seeds produced by the gourd are high in protein and fat, and can, therefore, contribute to a well-balanced diet.
  • Telfairia occidentalis is a tropical vine grown in West Africa as a leaf vegetable and for its edible seeds .
  • The fluted gourd grows in many nations of West Africa, but is mainly cultivated in
    Igboland and Calabarland and it is used primarily in soups and herbal medicines.
  • The leaves contain a high amount of antioxidants and hepatoprotective and antimicrobial properties.
  • The scientific name is Telfairia occidentalis.

I hope it was informative enough and i hope when next you are confronted with the question: “what is Ugu Leaf Called in English”

You will know what to say.

The answer is “pumpkin leaf”

Coconut Oil Nutritional Value

Coconut Oil Nutritional Value is the next on our nutritional Value posts series and i hope you learn something new.

Coconut oil , or copra oil , is an edible oil extracted from the kernel or meat of mature coconuts harvested from the coconut palm ( Cocos nucifera ). It has various applications.

Nutritional Value of Scent Leaf

Over here in Nigeria even though coconut Oil Nutritional Value is not a common information, it is so widely used that the majority of us know how to make the Oil at home.

Because of its high saturated fat content, it is slow to oxidize and, thus, resistant to rancidification, lasting up to six months at 24 °C (75 °F) without spoiling.

Coconut oil has a saturated fat content of 90 percent.

The majority of saturated fats are the medium-chain triglycerides (MCT’s) of which lauric acid being the dominant fatty acid. It is this lauric acid which gives coconut oil its white cream color in its stable (solid) state.

So what is the coconut Oil nutritional Value?

According to Nutrition and you :

  • Coconut oil is one of the most concentrated sources of energy; 100 g oil holds 884 calories.
  • Being rich in saturated fats, it is one of the stable vegetable cooking oils featuring a very long shelf life. Its high smoke point temperature at 232 (450 F) degrees allows food items for deep frying.
  • Its fatty acids profile, however, makes it as one of the most debated edible oils regarding health benefits. Coconut oil composes of saturated, mono-unsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids (SFA: MUFA: PUFA) at a ratio of 86.5: 5.8: 1.8 fats.
  • A significant portion of its saturated fats, however, fall into the group of medium-chain triglycerides (MCT’s ranging from 6-12 carbon atoms). Chief MCT’s in this oil are lauric acid (C-12), capric acid (C-10), caprylic acid (C-8) and caproic acid (C-6). Together, they constitute about 68% of total saturated and 59% of the total fat content.
  • Lauric acid, being a 12-carbon saturated fat, represents the major portion of MCTs. 100 g fresh coconut oil contains 44.6 g of lauric acid, constituting more than 45% of the total fat content.
  • In the gut, lauric acid and other MCT’s absorbed directly into the bloodstream without any barriers and thus save energy and induce an early sense of satiety. Additionally, MCTs help increase blood HDL or good cholesterol levels in the blood.

Coconut Oil Nutritional Value,

Most people like charts when it comes to fact, so here we go.

See the table below for in depth analysis of nutrients:
Coconut oil (Cocos nucifera), Nutritional value per 100 g.
(Source: USDA National Nutrient data base)
Principle Nutrient Value Percentage of RDA
Energy 862 Kcal 43%
Carbohydrates 0 g 0%
Protein 0 g 0%
Total Fat 100 g 500%
Cholesterol 0 mg 0%
Dietary Fiber 0 g 0%
Vitamins
Folates 0 µg 0%
Niacin 0 mg 0%
Pyridoxine 0 mg 0%
Riboflavin 0 mg 0%
Thiamin 0 mg 0%
Vitamin A 0 IU 0%
Vitamin C 0 0%
Vitamin E (tocopherol) 0.20 mg 1.4%
Vitamin K 0.5 µg <0.5%
Electrolytes
Sodium 0 mg 0%
Potassium 0 mg 0%
Minerals
Calcium 0 mg 0%
Copper 0 mg 0%
Iron 0.04 mg 0.5 %
Magnesium 0 mg 0%
Manganese 0 mg 0%
Selenium 0 µg 0%
Zinc 0 mg 0%
Phyto-nutrients
Carotene-ß 0 µg
Crypto-xanthin-ß 0 µg
Lutein-zeaxanthin 0 µg
Phytosterols 86 mg

Nutritional Value of Scent Leaf

With this post we shall be listing out the nutritional Value of Scent Leaf and in case your concern is with the different types of scent leaves then you know what to do.

People dont regard herbs as they would any other food on our nutritional charts.

Thus i desired to make a post on the subject so as to pour some insights into the nutritional Value of Scent Leaf.

The nutritional Value of Scent Leaf can be found below and i hope it helps.

Basil, fresh
Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
Energy 94 kJ (22 kcal)

2.65 g

Dietary fiber 1.6 g

Fat

0.64 g

3.15 g

Vitamins
Vitamin A equiv.

(33%)

264 μg

(29%)

3142 μg

Thiamine (B1)

(3%)

0.034 mg

Riboflavin (B2)

(6%)

0.076 mg

Niacin (B3)

(6%)

0.902 mg

Pantothenic acid (B5)

(4%)

0.209 mg

Vitamin B6

(12%)

0.155 mg

Folate (B9)

(17%)

68 μg

Choline

(2%)

11.4 mg

Vitamin C

(22%)

18.0 mg

Vitamin E

(5%)

0.80 mg

Vitamin K

(395%)

414.8 μg

Minerals
Calcium

(18%)

177 mg

Copper

(19%)

0.385 mg

Iron

(24%)

3.17 mg

Magnesium

(18%)

64 mg

Manganese

(55%)

1.148 mg

Phosphorus

(8%)

56 mg

Potassium

(6%)

295 mg

Selenium

(0%)

0.3 μg

Sodium

(0%)

4 mg

Zinc

(9%)

0.81 mg

Other constituents
Water 92.06 g
Percentages are roughly approximated using US recommendations for adults.
Source: USDA Nutrient Database

Types Of Scent Leaves

There are different types of scent leaves, even though people are ignorant of that fact.

Scent leaves are all known as Basil, great basil or Saint-Joseph’s-wort. A culinary herb of the family
Lamiaceae (mints).

Basil is native to tropical regions from central Africa to Southeast Asia . It is a tender plant, and is used in
cuisines worldwide. Depending on the species and cultivar, the leaves may taste somewhat like anise , with a strong, pungent, often sweet smell.

Even though there are different types of scent leaves, the type used commonly as a flavor is typically called sweet basil (or
Genovese basil), as opposed to Thai basil ( O. basilicum var. thyrsiflora ),
lemon basil ( O. × citriodorum), and
holy basil (Ocimum tenuiflorum).

Nigerian Youths And The Right Dosage For Tramadol

So what are the different types of scent leaves?

Types of Scent Leaves

All true basils are species of the genus Ocimum. The genus is particularly diverse, and includes annuals , non-woody
perennials and shrubs native to Africa and other tropical and subtropical regions of the Old and New World .

Types of scent leaves,

Ocimum basilicum cultivars

  • Sweet basil O. basilicum
  • Lettuce leaf basil O. basilicum ‘Lettuce Leaf’
  • Mammoth basil O. basilicum ‘Mammoth’
  • Genovese basil O. basilicum ‘Genovese Gigante’
  • Nufar basil O. basilicum ‘Nufar F1’
  • Spicy globe basil O. basilicum ‘Spicy Globe’
  • Greek Yevani basil O. basilicum ‘Greek Yevani’
  • Fino verde basil O. basilicum piccolo
  • Boxwood basil O. basilicum ‘Boxwood’
  • Purple ruffles basil O. basilicum ‘Purple Ruffles’
  • Magical Michael O. basilicum ‘Magical Michael’
  • Dark opal basil O. basilicum ‘Purpurascens’
  • Red rubin basil O. basilicum ‘Red Rubin’
  • Osmin purple basil O. basilicum ‘Osmin Purple’
  • Cuban basil O. basilicum
  • Thai basil O. basilicum var. thyrsiflorum
  • ‘Siam Queen’ O. basilicum var. thyrsiflorum ‘Siam Queen’
  • Cinnamon basil O. basilicum ‘Cinnamon’
  • Licorice basil O. basilicum ‘Licorice’
  • Mrs. Burns lemon basil O. basilicum var.
    citriodora ‘Mrs. Burns’

Ocimum americanum (formerly known as
O. canum ) cultivars

  • Lemon basil O. americanum
  • Lime basil O. americanum

Ocimum ×citriodorum cultivars

  • Greek column basil O. ×citriodorum ‘Lesbos’
  • Thai lemon basil O. ×citriodorum

..

Reference

  1. Simon, J.E., J. Quinn, and R.G. Murray (1990). “Basil: A source of essential oils” . In J. Janick; J.E. Simon. Advances in new crops . Timber Press, Portland, OR. pp. 484–489.
  2. Paton, Alan, R.M. Harley and M.M. Harley (1999). “Ocimum: an overview of classification and relationships” . In Edited by Raimo Hiltunen; Yvonne Holm. Basil: the genus Ocimum . Australia: Harwood Academic Publishers.
  3. Madalene Hill & Gwen Barclay (2003). “Basil for the Gardener’s Kitchen: Herb of the Year, 2003”.The Herbarist . 69 : 43.
    Helen H. Darrah (1980). The cultivated basils. T. E. Thomas, Buckeye Printing Co. ASIN B0006E2MDS.